Confraternity of Penitents: St. Francis' Rule of Penance for the Laity
"Most High, glorious God, enlighten the darkness of my heart and give me true faith, certain hope, and perfect charity, sense and knowledge, Lord, that I may carry out Your holy and true command." ---------- Saint Francis' of Assisi's prayer before the San Damiano Crucifix
Confraternity of Penitents: Franciscan Penitents Living St. Francis' Original Rule of Life for Single and Married People
Who Are Franciscan Penitents?
Who are Franciscan Penitents?
We are -- single and married Roman Catholic lay people, totally in agreement with all the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, who are living a simple, prayerful, and joyful life of penance (conversion) in our own homes as members of the Confraternity of Penitents. We attempt to take as our constant reference point not the world or individuals or our own ideas but God and His Holy Will.
What is the Confraternity of Penitents?
The Confraternity of Penitents is a canonically approved Private Association of the Faithful with commendation in the Roman Catholic Church.* The Confraternity consists of single and married people worldwide who are joyfully living in their own homes a modern adaptation of the Rule of Life given in the year 1221 to the penitent men and women of his time at the request of Saint Francis of Assisi. This Rule eventually became the Rule of the Third Order of Saint Francis of Assisi. The goal of this Rule of Life is to bring those who live it closer to God and more peacefully conformed to God's Will. The object of penance is to put oneself completely at the disposal of God. This we, although imperfect, attempt to do.
If you are a married or single man or woman and your goal is to live penance (experience conversion) in peace and joy, in your own home, you may have a place here among your Roman Catholic brothers and sisters in penance (conversion). Prayerfully explore these pages and ask the Holy Spirit to help you discern a call to become a brother or sister of penance, that is, a Franciscan Penitent (one who is coverted, a conversi).
*. . . private associations exist by private agreement, freely made among members of the Christian faithful, with the intent to attain the aims mentioned in canon 298§1 (Canon 299§1). . . ..While ecclesiastical authority maintains a certain degree of vigilance over private associations . . . , the guidance and direction of the association comes from the members in accord with its statutes (Canon 321). . . . An association that is praised or recommended by Church authority . . . enjoys similar autonomy and flexibility. The main difference rests in the level of review by competent ecclesiastical authority. While the law does not explicitly state that the bishop must approve the statutes before praising or recommending the association, certainly no bishop will praise or recommend a group that he does not agree with. . . . Many canon lawyers legitimately hold the opinion that being “recognized” requires a formal statement from competent authority. They further argue that being recognized is part of being praised and recommended. (from September 8, 1997 issue of Christifidelis, the newsletter of the St. Joseph Foundation)
Saint Francis of Assisi presenting the Cord of Pledging to Blessed Luchessio, first penitent to live the Rule of 1221.
Saint Francis of Assisi accepting Blessed Luchessio of Poggibonsi as the first penitent to live the Rule of 1221 for the penitents (conversi). Luchessio is accepting the cord of penance from St. Francis. Penitents making a life pledge to the Confraternity also receive a cord of penance which they wear daily beneath their outer clothing. Luchessio's wife Bonadonna is witness to Luchessio's pledge to live a life of penance. She, too, likely became a penitent.
Do You Have to Be a Franciscan Lay Person to Live the Rule of 1221?
What if you are a priest, deacon, or religious? Is there a place in the Confraternity of Penitents for you? Yes! Clergy who wished to become penitents lived the original Rule of 1221, and clergy and religious can and are living the Rule of the Confraternity of Penitents today.
"The discipline of praying the Divine Office over the past year has been very beneficial to my spiritual growth, and I trust that my prayers help others, too. . . . Also, the joy and peace that I feel when following CFP directions and the Rule lead me to believe that God wills for me to do this." --Marion M., California USA
Diocesan priest and penitent living Rule of 1221
Penitent brother at Niagara Falls
How about if you aren't especially drawn to Saint Francis, if you feel drawn more to another saint or another charism? Is there a place in the Confraternity of Penitents for you? Most definitely! We are living the Rule as closely as possible to the penitents who lived it in the year 1221. They did not identify themselves as Franciscans. They were the Brothers and Sisters of Penance, penitents. In fact, in the Rule of 1221, Saint Francis is not even mentioned.
Saint Francis began his life of conversion by living a life of penance in a way that Cardinal Hugolino wrote down fifteen years later to become the Rule of 1221. In other words, the penitential practices in the Rule of 1221 predated the conversion of Francis of Assisi. His embracing of these practices enabled him to grow spiritually and become the saint we know today.
So you need not feel an affinity for Francis in order to live this Rule. In fact, Francis would not want you to have an affinity for HIM. He would want you to have an affinity for JESUS because JESUS it the One Francis set out to follow.
Suppose you aren't ready to consider living this way of life just yet, or maybe never, but you have some questions about penance or the spiritual life or your own path in life and you don't know who to ask. Ask us! We can't promise to have all the answers, but we will at least try to steer you in a good direction. And we will pray for you!
Living Penance (Conversion) Whether Single or Married
Who is Jesus to you?
Why do you follow Him?
How much of your life are you willing to give to Him?
What if He wants it all? Will you give it?
Can you give Him all if you are single? If you are married or widowed or divorced or separated?
Can you give God everything and still be happy?
Or, maybe, can you give God everything and really be happy for the first time in your life?
This is to send my heartfelt gratitude to the Confraternity of Penitents for the help it gives me in my spiritual life. The way of life envisioned by our Rule makes my relationship with God deeper. Thank you very much...Francis D, Philippines
Life pledged penitent receiving the Cord of Pledging
Penitent with wild bird friend, just like Saint Francis of Assisi!
The Confraternity of Penitents is an international, non-profit, tax exempt private association of the Roman Catholic faithful laity, with commendation, under the Bishop of the Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend, Indiana, USA. Its original foundation had been in the Diocese of Providence, Rhode Island, in the 1990's. Its members seek to give Jesus their all, every moment of their lives, whether they are single or married. Despite its original foundation as an Order for lay people in the Roman Catholic Church, the Confraternity of Penitents, like the original foundation, is open to clergy and religious as well as single and married laity.
How do we, as imperfect and sinful men and women, strive to do give Jesus our all?
By doing penance, that is performing works of prayer, mercy, and small sacrifices, at home and, if we are able, by engaging ourselves in one or more of the spiritual or corporal works of mercy in our communities and our world. This is what the penitents did, in the spirit of Saint Francis of Assisi, and what we, as Franciscan Penitents, are doing today.
I, too, am so grateful for the CFP, and for the way I am growing closer to God and neighbor through it.
Marion M, California, United States
Confraternity members live, within their own homes, modern constitutions to the original rule for penitent single and married Catholic* lay people, a Rule of Life which Saint Francis of Assisi gave to the men and women of his time in the year 1221. Today a few other groups are also living expressions of this Rule of 1221 for the laity.
However, the Confraternity of Penitents (CFP) differs from these few others in that the Confraternity's Vision is "TO LIVE THE RULE OF 1221 AS CLOSELY AS POSSIBLE TO ITS ORIGINAL INTENT." That intent was to have the penitent, whether married or single, focus on surrender to God through faith, prayer, fasting and abstinence, simplicity of dress, and works of mercy, all forms of penance (conversion). More detailed information on the differences between the Confraternity of Penitents and similar groups is on this link.
Might you be seeking to live in your own home, as closely as possible to its original intent, a Rule of Life which spawned at least thirty saints?
Life pledged and privately vowed penitent woman chatting with other penitents at CFP retreat
Penitents in formation at ceremony of induction into the next year of formation
The Confraternity of Penitents Constitutions adapt the Rule of 1221 to modern times so that penitents do not appear singular or novel while doing penance in modern society, just as they did not appear singular or novel in their own society of 1221, while still requiring clothing parameters as did the original Rule.
The CFP members follow the same days of fast and abstinence, pray the same prayers, hold the same sorts of communal gatherings, and participate in works of mercy just as did the penitents of Saint Francis's time who lived the original Rule of 1221.
Can you picture yourself living your life in this peaceful, joyful, and organized way? Does becoming a Franciscan penitent seem appealing?
Is it possible today to live, in joyful penance, an 800 year old Rule of Life, that spawned many saints, in one's own home? Our nearly thirty professed members prove that it is!
Explore these pages and see what the Confraternity of Penitents has to offer! Whether married or single, you may be surprised that a joyful life of penance (conversion) will be your path to surrender to God and holiness!
When I first came upon the CFP website in my research, I never imagined how it would all turn out. As I struggle to live it out, I am brought more and more to an assurance that the CFP is truly inspired. I am awed that I would come to even an awareness of such a gift, let alone be allowed to participate. Again, thank you and God bless you. Lucy F., Indiana, United States
Some penitents from a CFP Chapter that meets in Michigan, USA
The original Rule of 1221 for the penitents was the starting point for several Third Orders in the Church. Some of these groups are religious brothers and sisters taking vows of celibacy, poverty, and obedience. Others are groups of married and single men and women who use the Rule of 1221 as a way to do more penance (mortification) in their lives or who have chosen the spirit of the Rule of 1221 as the inspiration from which springs their own Rule of Life with its own special prescriptions.
I have been blessed by God through the Confraternity. Thank you for your ministry and your work for God to keep the Rule of 1221 alive for penitents. Thank you. Peace and all joy, Thomas K., West Virginia, United States
Pledged penitents at CFP Retreat Celebration
All life pledged penitents, some privately vowed, visiting in one member's hospital room
The Confraternity of Penitents differs from each of these groups in that, while priests and religious may join the CFP, go through formation, and pledge, the CFP is primarily for married and single lay people who live the Rule and Constitutions in their own homes and families as was the case when the Rule was written in 1221.
In addition, rather than taking the Rule of 1221 as a starting point or inspiration for a new Rule or using it to incorporate more penance (mortification) into their lives, Confraternity of Penitents members seek "to live the Rule of 1221 as closely as possible to its original intent."
My life has been improved since I became a penitent in the Confraternity. I thank God for leading me towards this life.-- Dolores V, Florida, United States
This means that the Rule of 1221 for the penitents, adapted by its Constitutions for living in modern times, is lived day in and day out, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, by members of the Confraternity of Penitents. This is what the penitents did in the time of Saint Francis (the original intent of the Rule of 1221) and, to the best of our knowledge, the CFP is the only group in the world doing this today.
In doing this, the CFP also focuses on the virtues called for by the Rule, often called the Franciscan virtues as these particular virtues were especially emphasized by Saint Francis, although they are certainly common to all charisms (Carmelite, Augustinian, Dominican, Benedictine, Franciscan, Opus Dei, and so on) which seek to have their followers become conformed to Christ.
Life pledged penitent who originally contacted us while in his early teens
Penitents who just completed pledging at yearly retreat
Because the Confraternity of Penitents emphasizes the virtues of humility, simplicity, cheerfulness, peace, faith, open-handedness, generosity, littleness, detachment, self-emptying, self-giving, and love which Saint Francis particularly cultivated in his followers, we are most appropriately called Franciscan penitents. We seek to incorporate these virtues not so much by studing Saint Francis as by studying Jesus and the Gospels as Saint Francis did. Francis' sought to possess (this is, hold on to) nothing in this world but Jesus and to "live the Gospel." That is the call of the Confraternity of Penitents as well.
If you, whether married or single, clergy or lay, feel called to live a life of conversion as a Franciscan Penitent, please contact us. We here at the Confraternity of Penitents would love to share our way of life with you.
Thoughts from Our Way of Life
We are an Easter people. The day of resurrection if our hope and our goal. The joy of penance (conversion) is that it enables us to live a continual resurrection by helping put to death our old self and opening us to the grace to rise to a higher level of trust in and surrender to our eternal Redeemer. May God grant us joy on this Easter day!
A Few Thoughts on Penance
"Francis is also the man of peace. That is how the name came into my heart: Francis of Assisi. For me, he is the man of poverty, the man of peace, the man who loves and protects creation." --Pope Francis, explaining why he chose the name Francis, 16 March 2013
"Conversion is to go against the current, where the 'current' is a superficial lifestyle, inconsistent and illusory, which often draws us, controls us, and makes us slaves of evil, or, in any case, prisoners of moral mediocrity. . . Conversion is the total "yes" of the one who gives his own existence to the Gospel, responding freely to Christ." -- Pope Benedict XVI, 17 February 2010
"Penance does not necessarily mean turning away from sin; its primary note is that of a turning to God, of putting oneself completely at the disposition of God, and in a second moment this will mean turning from sin if one has been in sin. Accepting this notion of penance, it is clear how the Apostolic Constitution 'Poenitemini' could call Christ 'the supreme model of penitents--he willed to undergo penance for sins which were not his own but of others.'" (Lawrence D. Isabell, OFM, "The Practice and Meaning of Confession in the Primitive Franciscan Community according to the Writings of Saint Francis of Assisi and Thomas of Celano." Assisi, Italy: Pontificia Univeritas Gregoriana, 1973)
"You begin with penance; then, after you remove from your life the two 'N's' which stand for 'no-no's' and 'nonsense,' what are you left with? Peace." -- Father Tom Devery
The San Damiano Crucifix is the crucifix of conversion. About the year 1205, Saint Francis of Assisi prayed repeatedly before this Crucifix, "Most High, Glorious God, enlighten the darkness of my mind, give me right faith, a firm hope and perfect charity, so that I may always and in all things act according to Your Holy Will. Amen." From this crucifix, the Holy Spirit gave Saint Francis his mission, "Go and repair My House which, as you can see, is falling into ruin." The Confraternity of Penitents have made Francis' prayer and mission their own. The San Damiano Crucifix is the Confraternity's symbol.
Morning Prayer from the Liturgy of the Hours on YouTube
Morning Prayer is presented daily by David Rollins of the Confraternity of Penitents. Follow along on youtube on this link.
I wanted to let you know that I have been (especially while home sick) enjoying the morning prayer link on your website- the photography is so meditative, it has blessed me this week, I am glad to have found it, and will pass it on.-- Donna C.
"You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, with your whole soul, and with all your mind, (and) you shall love your neighbor as yourself." (Jesus' words as recorded in Matthew 22:37-38)
Living Love of God and Love of Neighbor by following modern constitutions to the the original Rule which Saint Francis gave to the penitents in 1221.
The Confraternity of Penitents is fulfilling the Church's call to penance and repentance in the modern world. The Confraternity has canonical status as an international private lay association of the faithful with commendation under the Bishop of the Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend IN USA (formerly under the Bishop of the Diocese of Providence Rhode Island). Its members live in their own homes. The Confraternity of Penitents welcomes inquiry from all Catholic laity and religious in union with the Pope who are interested in living a life of personal conversion and deepening surrender to God. Non-Catholics may apply as Associates.
When emailing us, please write "Inquiry about Confraternity of Penitents" in your subject line so that we do not mistakenly delete your email as spam. If you do not hear from us within five days, please write again as occasionally emails go astray.
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Confraternity of Penitents, 1702 Lumbard Street, Fort Wayne IN 46803 USA 260-739-6882 www.penitents.org firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com